Rancho Petaluma

In 1833, Lieutenant Vallejo was requested by Governor Figueroa to examine the place north of Mission San Rafael, and to visit Fort Ross and Bodega Bay. On his way to Fort Ross, Vallejo crossed the fertile valley of Petaluma. Afterwards, he constructed a little home and a corral, and in the spring he was all set to petition for a grant of land wherever he could area his livestock. The land grant was approved by Governor Figueroa in June 1834. Governor Figueroa gave Vallejo vastly amplified powers his title was Armed forces Commander and Director of Colonization of the Northern Frontier, and he was specially requested to choose cost of the mission at Sonoma, minimize it to the standing of a parish church, totally free the Indian workers, and distribute the mission lands and other property amongst the inhabitants at large. The ten square league (close to forty four,000 acres (178 km2)) grant was confirmed by Governor Manuel Micheltorena and improved by 5 sq. leagues (roughly 22,000 acres (89 km2)) in 1843. Although Vallejo's rancho was centered on Petaluma, he manufactured his home in Sonoma.

With the cession of California to the United States adhering to the Mexican–American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo offered that the land grants would be honored. As necessary by the Land Act of 1851, a claim for Rancho Petaluma was filed with the Community Land Commission in 1852,[4][5] and the grant was patented to Mariano G. Vallejo in 1874.[6][seven] James H. Watmough, purser on the USS Portsmouth, acquired land from Vallejo in 1847. In 1853 Watmough was an unsuccessful claimant for a 1 sq. mile (640 acres (3 km2)) portion of Rancho Petaluma.[eight]

As settlers made their way into Sonoma County in the mid-1850s, Vallejo subdivided and offered most of the rancho.
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In 1864, Vallejo bought the very last remaining one,450 acres (six km2) of the unique Rancho Petaluma to San Francisco banker Alfred Borel.

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